Field Manipulation Technologies and Methodologies

The possibility to control the propagation of waves thanks to the exploitation of properly engineered artificial materials has been one of the fundamental scientific breakthroughs of the last decades in the information, communications, and material communities. Thanks to the technological and methodological innovations in the field, the possibility to achieve exceptional propagation phenomena (including invisibility, perfect absorption/reflection, wave bending, infinite resolution, etc.) has been demonstrated by using 2D and 3D artificial materials. In this framework, the research activities carried out in the ELEDIA Research Center include the following

  • design and implementation of metamaterial-based radomes for wide-angle impedance matching (WAIM) coatings of phased arrays, with application in radar sensing and communications;
  • transformation electromagnetics methodologies and technologies as applied to antenna and array miniaturization, conformal array beam focusing, and “virtual array” design and validations;
  • innovative field manipulation devices for anomalous reflections, polarization conversion, and mutual coupling reduction;
  • periodic and aperiodic 2D smart skin design, optimization, and experimental validation of Smart EM Environment applications;
  • study and development of analysis and optimization techniques for complex multi-scale artificial materials;
  • reconfigurable intelligent materials and cognitive materials.


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  • G. Oliveri, P. Rocca, M. Salucci, and A. Massa, "Holographic Smart EM Skins for Advanced Beam Power Shaping in Next Generation Wireless Environments," IEEE Journal on Multiscale and Multiphysics Computational Techniques vol. 6, pp. 171-182 2021 (DOI: 10.1109/JMMCT.2021.3121300)
  • G. Oliveri, A. Gelmini, A. Polo, N. Anselmi, and A. Massa, "System-by-Design Multiscale Synthesis of Task-Oriented Reflectarrays," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 2867-2882, April 2020 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2019.2955217)
  • M. Salucci, L. Tenuti, G. Gottardi, A. Hannan, and A. Massa, "System‐by‐design method for efficient linear array miniaturisation through low‐complexity isotropic lenses," Electronics Letters vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 433-434, April 2019 (DOI: 10.1049/el.2018.6653)
  • M. Salucci, G. Oliveri, N. Anselmi, G. Gottardi, and A. Massa, "Performance enhancement of linear active electronically scanned arrays by means of MbD-synthesized metalenses," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 927-955, December 2017 (DOI: 10.1080/09205071.2017.1410077)
  • M. Salucci, G. Oliveri, N. Anselmi, and A. Massa, "Material-by-Design Synthesis of Conformal Miniaturized Linear Phased Arrays," IEEE Access vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 26367-26382 2018 (DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2833199)
  • N. Anselmi and G. Gottardi, "Recent Advances and Current Trends in Metamaterial-by-Design," Journal of Physics: Conference Series vol. 963, pp. 012011, February 2018 (DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/963/1/012011)
  • A. Massa and G. Oliveri, "EPJ Applied Metamaterials Special Issue on “Metamaterial-by-Design: Theory, Methods, and Applications to Communications and Sensing”," EPJ Applied Metamaterials vol. 3, pp. E1 2016 (DOI: 10.1051/epjam/2016011)
  • G. Oliveri, E. Bekele, M. Salucci, and A. Massa, "Transformation Electromagnetics Miniaturization of Sectoral and Conical Metamaterial-Enhanced Horn Antennas," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 1508-1513, April 2016 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2016.2522465)
  • G. Oliveri, D. Werner, and A. Massa, "Reconfigurable Electromagnetics Through Metamaterials—A Review," Proceedings of the IEEE vol. 103, no. 7, pp. 1034-1056, July 2015 (DOI: 10.1109/JPROC.2015.2394292)
  • G. Oliveri, E. Bekele, M. Salucci, and A. Massa, "Array Miniaturization Through QCTO-SI Metamaterial Radomes," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 63, no. 8, pp. 3465-3476, August 2015 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2015.2434412)
  • G. Oliveri, L. Tenuti, E. Bekele, M. Carlin, and A. Massa, "An SbD-QCTO Approach to the Synthesis of Isotropic Metamaterial Lenses," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters vol. 13, pp. 1783-1786 2014 (DOI: 10.1109/LAWP.2014.2365525)