AI-Powered Methodologies for Antenna and Arrays Control

The problem of controlling the radiation properties of antennas and arrays in real time is of fundamental importance in a wide variety of applicative scenarios ranging from B5G/6G communications to radar and remote sensing. The physical-level configuration of antenna systems include controlling their radiation pattern properties, spatial/frequency filtering capabilities, and scanning/nulling directions, for instance. In this framework, Artificial Intelligence (AI) has emerged as a powerful paradigm to address the complexity associated to antenna and array control problems in a scalable and efficient manner. The research carried out within the ELEDIA Research Center in this area includes

  • AI for autonomous radar systems (detection, ranging, identification, tracking, segmentation, recognition);
  • real-time control of microwave arrays for synthetic aperture radar (SAR) observation through AI-based optimization;
  • B5G and 6G massive MIMO array control for user-oriented performance;
  • cognitive beamforming algorithms;
  • adaptive control and optimization of time-modulated arrays and timed arrays.

Related Projects: ULTRA-I, ULTRA-II, AIRSPEED

For additional information contact us at contact@eledia.org

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  • L. T. P. Bui, N. Anselmi, T. Isernia, P. Rocca, and A. F. Morabito, "On bandwidth maximization of fixed-geometry arrays through convex programming," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications vol. 34, no. 5, pp. 581-600 2020 (DOI: 10.1080/09205071.2020.1724832)
  • G. Oliveri, A. Gelmini, A. Polo, N. Anselmi, and A. Massa, "System-by-design multi-scale synthesis of task-oriented reflectarrays," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 2867-2882, April 2020 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2019.2955217)
  • P. Rocca, N. Anselmi, A. Polo, and A. Massa, "Modular design of hexagonal phased arrays through diamond tiles," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 68, no. 5, pp. 3598-3612, May 2020 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2019.2963561)
  • P. Rocca, N. Anselmi, A. Polo, and A. Massa, "An irregular two-sizes square tiling method for the design of isophoric phased arrays," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 4437-4449, June 2020 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2020.2970088)
  • P. Rocca, L. Poli, A. Polo, and A. Massa, "Optimal excitation matching strategy for sub-arrayed phased linear arrays generating arbitrary shaped beams," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 68, no. 6, pp. 4638-4647, June 2020 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2020.2972641)
  • N. Anselmi, A. Massa, G. Oliveri, L. Poli, P. Rocca, M. Salucci, and A. Polo, "Optimal trade-off synthesis for future generation phased arrays @ ELEDIA Research Center," CNIT Technical Reports – Technical Report-04 on ‘Italian Perspectives on Antennas for Next Generation Communications,’ Eds. G. Di Massa and S. Costanzo pp. 81-98, February 2020 (DOI: 9788894982312)
  • P. Rocca, M. H. Hannan, L. Poli, N. Anselmi, and A. Massa, "Optimal phase-matching strategy for beam scanning of sub-arrayed phased arrays," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 67, no. 2, pp. 951-959, February 2019 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2879778)
  • M. Salucci, L. Tenuti, G. Gottardi, A. Hannan, and A. Massa, "A System-by-Design method for efficient linear array miniaturization through low-complexity isotropic lenses," Electronics Letters vol. 55, no. 8, pp. 433-434, April 2019 (DOI: 10.1049/el.2018.6653)
  • G. Oliveri, G. Gottardi, and A. Massa, "A new meta-paradigm for the synthesis of antenna arrays for future wireless communications," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 67, no. 6, pp. 3774-3788, June 2019 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2019.2906433)
  • N. Anselmi, G. Gottardi, G. Oliveri, and A. Massa, "A total-variation sparseness-promoting method for the synthesis of contiguously clustered linear architectures," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 67, no. 7, pp. 4589-4601, July 2019 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2019.2911375)
  • M. Salucci, G. Oliveri, N. Anselmi, G. Gottardi, and A. Massa, "Performance enhancement of linear active electronically-scanned arrays by means of MbD-synthesized metalenses," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications vol. 32, no. 8, pp. 927-955 2018 (DOI: 10.1080/09205071.2017.1410077)
  • M. Salucci, G. Oliveri, N. Anselmi, and A. Massa, "Material-by-design synthesis of conformal miniaturized linear phased arrays," IEEE Access vol. 6, pp. 26367-26382 2018 (DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2018.2833199)
  • N. Anselmi, P. Rocca, M. Salucci, and A. Massa, "Contiguous phase-clustering in multibeam-on-receive scanning arrays," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 5879-5891, November 2018 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2864628)
  • M. Salucci, A. Gelmini, G. Oliveri, and A. Massa, "Planar arrays diagnosis by means of an advanced Bayesian compressive processing," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 5892-5906, November 2018 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2866534)
  • N. Anselmi, L. Poli, P. Rocca, and A. Massa, "Design of simplified array layouts for preliminary experimental testing and validation of large AESAs," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 66, no. 12, pp. 6906-6920, December 2018 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2874433)
  • J. Guo, L. Poli, M. A. Hannan, P. Rocca, S. Yang, and A. Massa, "Time-modulated arrays for physical layer secure communications: optimization-based synthesis and experimental assessment," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 66, no. 12, pp. 6939-6949, December 2018 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2870381)
  • M. Salucci, C. Castlunger, D. Marcantonio, G. Oliveri, F. Robol, P. Rosatti, L. Tosato, F. Zardi, and A. Massa, "High density interconnect microstrip patch antenna for 5G base stations with integrated filtering performance," Technologies vol. 6, no. 45, pp. 1-14 2018 (DOI: 10.3390/technologies6020045)
  • M. Salucci, M. D. Migliore, G. Oliveri, and A. Massa, "Antenna measurements-by-design for antenna qualification," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 66, no. 11, pp. 6300-6312, November 2018 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2018.2862469)
  • M. Salucci, G. Gottardi, N. Anselmi, and G. Oliveri, "Planar thinned array design by hybrid analytical-stochastic optimization," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation vol. 11, no. 13, pp. 1841-1845, October 2017 (DOI: 10.1049/iet-map.2017.0349)
  • G. Gottardi, L. Poli, P. Rocca, A. Montanari, A. Aprile, and A. Massa, "Optimal monopulse beamforming for side-looking airborne radars," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters vol. 16, pp. 1221-1224 2017 (DOI: 10.1109/LAWP.2016.2628881)
  • P. Rocca, M. A. Hannan, M. Salucci, and A. Massa, "Single-snapshot DoA estimation in array antennas with mutual coupling through a multi-scaling bayesian compressive sensing strategy," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 65, no. 6, pp. 3203-3213, June 2017 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2017.2684137)
  • L. Poli, G. Oliveri, P. Rocca, M. Salucci, and A. Massa, "Long-distance WPT unconventional arrays synthesis," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications vol. 31, no. 14, pp. 1399-1420, July 2017 (DOI: 10.1080/09205071.2017.1348998)
  • N. Anselmi, P. Rocca, M. Salucci, and A. Massa, "Irregular phased array tiling by means of analytic schemata-driven optimization," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 65, no. 9, pp. 4495-4510, September 2017 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2017.2722539)
  • A-M. Yao, P. Rocca, W. Wu, A. Massa, and D.-G. Fang, "Synthesis of time-modulated frequency diverse arrays for short-range multi-focusing," IEEE Journal on Selected Topics in Signal Processing vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 282-294, March 2017 (DOI: 10.1109/JSTSP.2016.2615267)
  • J. Guo, S. Yang, Y. Chen, P. Rocca, J. Hu, and A. Massa, "Efficient sideband suppression in 4D antenna arrays through multiple time modulation frequencies," IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation vol. 65, no. 12, pp. 7063-7072, December 2017 (DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2017.2766444)
  • P. Rocca, D. Masotti, A. Costanzo, M. Salucci, and L. Poli, "The role of accurate dynamic analysis for predicting time-modulated arrays performance," IEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters vol. 16, pp. 2663-2666 2017 (DOI: 10.1109/LAWP.2017.2740359)
  • N. Anselmi, P. Rocca, M. Salucci, and A. Massa, "Optimization of excitation tolerances for robust beamforming in linear arrays," IET Microwaves, Antennas & Propagation vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 208-214 2016 (DOI: 10.1049/IET-MAP.2015.0508)